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Downloadable care leaflets

BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO GROWING ORCHIDS

The following are 3 of the most popular Beginner's Orchids that we recommend:

PHALAENOPSIS, CYMBIDIUMS AND ONCIDIUMS

For culture on other orchids such as BRASSIAS, VANDAS, ZYGOPETALUMS AND PAPHIOPEDILUMS ETC  click here

 

PHALAENOPSIS

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  • Compact habit of growth.
  • Ideal houseplant for warm room.
  • Very long-lasting flowers in a wide range of colours and patterns, large, rounded flowers giving it its common name "Moth Orchid".
  • Blooming season lasts all the year and will reflower from the same stem several times.

PHALAENOPSIS CARE
One of the most popular orchids grown as houseplants are the Moth Orchids or Phalaenopsis. They make good indoor plants because they can tolerate the drier heat of central heating as well as being almost perpetually flowering.
They do not have bulbs like other orchids but instead grow with fleshy leaves, new ones formed from the central crown. They also produce a lot of aerial roots that come over the side of the pot as well as into the bark compost.

RE-FLOWERING:

1. Phalaenopsis will bloom for many months at a time if kept in a warm room with diffused light.
Water sparingly from the top, letting the pot drain well. This may be every 1-2 weeks depending on how warm the room is and whether the plant is growing or not. Take care not to overwater and avoid water collecting in the centre.
Check on the roots through the clear pot.

 

2. The plant will continue to make more buds from the end of the stem, the flowers gradually opening in succession, giving an impressive show. Along the length of the main stem there are many eyes or nodes. Before all the flowers have died and the sap is still rising, cut the stem right off above the highest node. If it is not cut until the flowers have dropped then the stem may start to die back.

 

3. The node will then soon start to produce a side branch with more flower buds. When these have all flowered, repeat by cutting above the next node down the main stem and so on. When the base of the stem is reached or it fails to re-bloom for you, then cut off at the base. Occasionally a new plant (keiki) may grow from the stem, allow this to get to a strong size with a few leaves and roots and then gently remove and pot up in fine bark.

 

TEMPERATURE: Moth Orchids love the warmth of most modern homes, keep a minimum on winter nights of 18°C (65°F), with a daytime maximum of 30°C(85°F).

LIGHT: Keep shaded form bright, direct summer sun as this can scorch the leaves. Give as much light as possible during the dull winter months.

WATERING: Keep the free-draining bark compost moist all the year round. When watering the plant, remove it from any cover pot or saucer, pour water through the pot and then let it drain before placing it back in a decorative planter. Never let the pot stand in water. Allow the compost to dry out slightly and the pot to become lighter before watering again. Avoid watering collecting in the crown of the plant as this can cause a rot. Add a little orchid fertiliser to the water once every 2 or 3 waterings (approx. every 10-14 days) all year round.

REPOTTING INFORMATION CLICK HERE


CYMBIDIUM

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  • Ideal for cool, light position.
  • Place outdoors in a shaded place for the summer and remember to keep well watered.
  • Flowers every winter/spring for 6-8 weeks, with tall sprays of blooms in a wide range of colours, well known for use as corsage orchids.
  • Can grow large in time.

CYMBIDIUM CARE
The Cymbidium orchids are ever popular, their showy flowers lasting many weeks. They are best grown in a cool conservatory and placed out of doors in the summer. They are mostly winter and spring flowering although there are also summer and autumn varieties too. Standard varieties grow into large plants with large flowers and bulbs. Miniature or compact types will stay more manageable. A plant should be re-potted in the spring after flowering when it has outgrown its pot, about every 2-3 years.

RE-FLOWERING: Keep these orchids cool and light in winter and outdoors in summer to help re-flowering. Keeping them too warm can prevent blooming. When the blooms have dies, trim the stem off right down to the base. The next set of flowers will be produced from the next pseudobulb the plant makes.

TEMPERATURE: Cymbidiums need a minimum of 8°C (45°F) in winter to give them a sufficient change in conditions from the warmer summer, when a maximum of 30°C (85°F) is adequate.

LIGHT: Keep shaded form bright, direct summer sun as this can scorch the leaves. Give as much light as possible during the dull winter months.

WATERING: Keep the free-draining bark compost moist with more frequent watering in the spring and summer, the main growing season. When watering the plant, remove it from any cover pot or saucer, pour water through the pot and then let it drain before placing it back in a decorative planter. Never let the pot stand in water. Allow the compost to dry out slightly and the pot to become lighter before watering again. Add a little orchid fertiliser to the water once every 2 or 3 waterings (approx. every 10-14 days) from March to September.

REPOTTING INFORMATION CLICK HERE


ONCIDIUM

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  • Good, compact houseplant in a cool area.
  • Shade from summer sun, keep indoors all the year.
  • Bloom every 9-10 months for 4-6 weeks.
  • Wide range of colours and patterns from sprays of numerous tiny flowers up to several large, showy blooms on a single stem depending on the variety.

ONCIDIUM ALLIANCE CARE
This group of orchids is very popular as they have such a wide range of colours, shapes and patterns. Ranging from large showy flowers on compact stems to tall branching spikes of many tiny bright blooms. The plants are compact in habit so making them easy to cope with in the home grown as windowsill orchids. Often the plants will flower twice a year or more as they increase in size and have growths at different stages around the plant. They should be repotted when it has outgrown its pot, about every 2-3 years. Follow Cymbidium repotting instructions for Oncidiums.

RE-FLOWERING: Keep these orchids cool and light all the year and they should reflower easily on the season's completed bulb. Keeping them too warm can prevent blooming. When the blooms have dies, trim the stem off right down to the base. The next set of flowers will be produced from the next pseudobulb the plant makes.

TEMPERATURE: Oncidium hybrids need a minimum of 10°C (50°F) in winter to give them a sufficient change in conditions from the warmer summer, when a maximum of 30°C (85°F) is adequate.

LIGHT: Keep shaded form bright, direct summer sun as this can scorch the leaves. Give as much light as possible during the dull winter months.

WATERING: Keep the free-draining bark compost moist with more frequent watering in the spring and summer, the main growing season. When watering the plant, remove it from any cover pot or saucer, pour water through the pot and then let it drain before placing it back in a decorative planter. Never let the pot stand in water. Allow the compost to dry out slightly and the pot to become lighter before watering again. Add a little orchid fertiliser to the water once every 2 or 3 waterings (approx. every 10-14 days) from March to September.

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Downloadable Care Leaflet pdfs

General Care

Orchids on Bark

Brassias

Cattleyas

Cymbidiums

Cool Growing Species

Deciduous Orchids

Dendrobiums

Feeding

Intermediate Growing Species

Miltoniopsis

Miniatures

Oncidium Alliance

Paphiopedilums

Pests

Phalaenopsis

Phragmipediums

Vandas

Warm Growing Species

Zygopetalums

 

 

 

 

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